Xenotransplant Trials Coming; Avocado Diet a Dud; EMS Defers CPR to Bystander

Xenotransplant Trials Coming; Avocado Diet a Dud; EMS Defers CPR to Bystander

July 5, 2022 0 By Jennifer Walker

The FDA is reportedly paving the way for clinical trials of xenotransplantation. (Wall Street Journal)

One large avocado a day for 6 months did not reduce excess visceral adiposity or other cardiometabolic measures in the HAT randomized trial. (Journal of the American Heart Association)

The proportion of Americans meeting the American Heart Association’s “Life’s Simple 7” criteria for optimal cardiometabolic health was down to 6.8% by 2017-2018. (Journal of the American College of Cardiology)

Postoperative atrial fibrillation (Afib) may be a marker for subclinical heart failure, given its association with incident heart failure hospitalization in surgical patients without prior history of this cardiac condition. (European Heart Journal)

Among patients with obstructive sleep apnea, continuous positive airway pressure therapy resulted in reverse remodeling of the atrial substrate, implying a mechanism of benefit in Afib. (JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology)

Median 90-day spending for a heart failure hospitalization exceeded $21,000 among Medicare beneficiaries in the U.S. as recently as 2018. (Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes)

Black and Hispanic patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy have more frequent cardiogenic shocks and a greater risk of in-hospital mortality. (JAMA Network Open)

Is there a good threshold for apolipoprotein B levels that would flag residual cardiovascular risk after acute coronary syndrome? (Circulation)

Need for a permanent pacemaker after transcatheter aortic valve replacement did not hinge on whether the patient had been discharged early or not. (Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions)

Compared with endovascular therapy for common femoral artery lesions, thromboendarterectomy was associated with better 1-year primary patency, especially in ambulatory patients. (JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions)

People with chronic coronary disease were more likely to get quality-of-life benefits from invasive management if they had better kidney function, according to ISCHEMIA trial data. (JAMA Cardiology)

For people undergoing cardiac surgery, prothrombin complex concentrate worked about as well as plasma transfusion in terms of postoperative bleeding. (JAMA Surgery)

Researchers found that the 6-minute walk test had prognostic utility in light chain amyloidosis. (Heart)

Circadian disruptions from shift work are linked to increased long-term risk of stroke. (Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms)

A Scottish ambulance transporting someone in cardiac arrest left CPR in the hands of the person’s partner, with no assistance provided. The patient later died in hospital. (STV)

A mouse study suggested that the sex difference in diastolic function can be explained in part by disparate mitochondrial function between men and women. (Nature Communications)

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    Nicole Lou is a reporter for MedPage Today, where she covers cardiology news and other developments in medicine. Follow